Southern Mole Cricket (Neocurtilla hexadactyla)

Song of a Southern Mole Cricket (scroll down for explanation and additional recordings!).

Southern Mole CricketNative to South America, the Southern Mole Cricket and two other members of the same genus, the Tawny and Short-winged Mole Crickets, were introduced to the Southeast about a century ago, probably arriving as stowaways in the ballasts of ships. All three species are pests. The Southern, although primarily carnivorous, will eat the roots of newly planted seedlings in lawns and gardens, and the other two species, being mostly herbivorous, can cause serious damage to lawns, pastures, and golf courses.
Southern Mole Crickets make their burrows in wet sandy or mucky areas, often near streams, or lakes, or ponds. Each evening before calling, males make and tune a special burrow that has a horn-shaped opening, allowing the male to amplify his song and direct it skyward. He sings mostly during the first two hours after sunset. Huge flights may occur during early evenings on warm spring days. Females find mates during these flights and are attracted to males with the loudest songs, landing near their burrows.

Range Map for Southern Mole Cricket

Southern Mole Cricket

Song: A loud, continuous trill at about 3 kHz, given just after dark or after heavy rains. (Males also produce a special courtship song that resembles the song of the Northern Mole Cricket but is higher in pitch and delivered at a faster rate.)

Sonogram of a Southern Mole Cricket. © Wil Hershberger.

 

Southern Mole Cricket

Southern Mole Cricket

• click to enlarge •

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Navigate to Species Pages:

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

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Meadow Katydids (Tettigoniidae):
FAMILY DESCRIPTION
Saltmarsh Meadow Katydid
Short-winged Meadow Katydid
Slender Meadow Katydid
Woodland Meadow Katydid
Straight-lanced Meadow Katydid
Agile Meadow Katydid
Black-legged Meadow Katydid
Common Meadow Katydid
Gladiator Meadow Katydid
Handsome Meadow Katydid
Lesser Pine Meadow Katydid
Long-spurred Meadow Katydid
Red-headed Meadow Katydid
Coneheads (Copiphorinae):
FAMILY DESCRIPTION
Round-tipped Conehead
Nebraska Conehead
Robust Conehead
Slightly Musical Conehead
Sword-bearing Conehead
False Robust Conehead
True Katydids (Pseudophyllinae):
FAMILY DESCRIPTION
Common True Katydid
False Katydids (Phaneropterinae):
FAMILY DESCRIPTION
Clicker Round-winged Katydid
Common Virtuoso Katydid
Rattler Round-winged Katydid
Oblong-winged Katydid
Great Angle-wing
Lesser Angle-wing
Broad-winged Bush Katydid
Curved-tailed Bush Katydid
Fork-tailed Bush Katydid
Northern Bush Katydid
Texas Bush Katydid
Treetop Bush Katydid
Shield-backed Katydids (Tettigoniinae):
FAMILY DESCRIPTION
American Shieldback
Least Shieldback
Protean Shieldback
Robust Shieldback
Roesel’s Katydid

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